Can you find a five-digit number that has no zeros nor ones in it and no digit is repeated, where:

The fourth digit is a quarter of the total of all of the digits.

The second digit is twice the first digit.

The third digit is the largest.

The last digit is the sum of the first two digits.

Puzzle Copyright © Kevin Stone

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Answer

24976.

Reasoning

We can start by labelling the digits as ABCDE.

We know that:

(i) B = 2 x A

and:

E = A + B

And using (i) we get:

E = A + (2 x A)

(ii) E = 3 x A

If A = 1, then B = 2, and E = 3, but this isn't allowed (as there are no 1's in the puzzle).

If A = 2, then B = 4, and E = 6.

If A = 3, then B = 6, and E = 9, but this isn't allowed (as C has to be the largest digit).

So, A = 2, B = 4, E = 6, and we now have to find C and D.

We also know that:

D = (A + B + C + D + E) ÷ 4

And using (i) and (ii) we get:

D = [A + (2 x A) + C + D + (3 x A)] ÷ 4

so:

3 x D = (6 x A) + C

so:

(iii) D = [(6 x A) + C] ÷ 3

C can only be 7, 8 or 9 (as it's the largest digit, and we've already found 6) and (iii) tells us that it must be a multiple of 3, which means that C = 9. Leaving D = 7.

So the final number is: 24976.

Double-Checking

The answer is 24976.

The fourth digit is a quarter of the total of all of the digits.

A + B + C + D + E = 2 + 4 + 9 + 7 + 6 = 28, and 28 ÷ 4 = 7.

The second digit is twice the first digit.

4 = 2 x 2.

The third digit is the largest.

9 is the largest digit.

The last digit is the sum of the first two digits.

6 = 2 + 4.

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