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Last week I travelled from London to Leeds, which is a distance of 174 miles.

I started at 9.15am and completed the journey with an average speed of 40 miles per hour.

On the way back, in the evening, I travelled exactly the same route, starting at 5.15pm. The traffic was light and I completed the journey with an average speed of 60 miles per hour.

What was the overall average speed for round trip?

Hint: Remember that Time = Distance ÷ Speed, and Speed = Distance ÷ Time.

Answer: 48 miles per hour.

Time = Distance ÷ Speed
Speed = Distance ÷ Time

The outward journey took 174 miles ÷ 40 mph = 4.35 hours.

The return journey took 174 miles ÷ 60 mph = 2.9 hours.

So I travelled a total of 2 x 174 = 348 miles. I did this in a total of 4.35 + 2.9 = 7.25 hours.

My overall average speed was therefore 348 miles ÷ 7.25 hours = 48 miles per hour. QED.

Puzzle 2

During the recent BrainBashers cipher convention, a Morse code contest took place.
The contest consisted of a Morse code transmission where the spaces between the letters and words were missing.
Can you find the ten names for pet cats?

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Luckily, BrainBashers has provided you with a listing of the Morse code characters. Good luck!

The larger circle has diameter = 4, therefore the radius is 2, and the area is π x 2^{2} = 4π.

The smaller circle has diameter = 2, therefore the radius is 1, and the area is π x 1^{2} = π.

Therefore the shaded area is 4π - π = 3π ≈ 9.42.

Circle

The area of a circle is π x Radius^{2}.

The circle with diameter 3.1 has a radius of 1.55 and an area of π x 1.55^{2} = 7.55.

The circle with diameter 3.5 has a radius of 1.75 and an area of π x 1.75^{2} = 9.62 (** closest match).

The circle with diameter 3.9 has a radius of 1.95 and an area of π x 1.95^{2} = 11.95.

Square

The area of a square is Side x Side.

The square with side 3.1 has an area of 3.1 x 3.1 = 9.61 (** closest match).

The square with side 3.5 has an area of 3.5 x 3.5 = 12.25.

The square with side 3.9 has an area of 3.9 x 3.9 = 15.21.

Triangle

The area of a triangle is ½ x Base x Height. Using Pythagoras' theorem it can be shown that the area of an equilateral triangle is Sqrt(3) x Base^{2} ÷ 4.

The triangle with side 3.9 has an area of Sqrt(3) x 3.9 x 3.9 ÷ 4 = 6.59.

The triangle with side 4.3 has an area of Sqrt(3) x 4.3 x 4.3 ÷ 4 = 8.01.

The triangle with side 4.7 has an area of Sqrt(3) x 4.7 x 4.7 ÷ 4 = 9.57 (** closest match).

Puzzle 4

Can you create a sentence that contains the word 'and' five times in a row?

Note: with no other word between each 'and'.

[Ref: ZDBT]

Hint: Quite a tricky little puzzle!

Answer:
I commissioned an artist to paint a sign for BrainBashers that said "BrainBashers Games And Fun", however, they made a terrible mistake.

The gap between 'Games' and 'And', and 'And' and 'Fun' wasn't the same, so the sign seemed oddly out of balance.

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